This question aims to find the area of the given Figure 1 with two semi-circles and a parallelogram attached together.

The question is based on the geometry of 2D shapes that are circles and a parallelogram. The area of the parallelogram can be calculated by taking the product of its height and base sides. The equation is given as:

\[ P = b \times h \]

The area of the circle can be calculated as $\pi$ times the square of the circle’s radius. The equation is given as:

\[ C = \pi \times r^2 \]

## Expert Answer

The total area of Figure 1 can be calculated by adding areas of the different shapes in the figure. The area of the first semi-circle added to the area of the parallelogram, and their result added with the area of the second semi-circle will give us the total area of the Figure. The equation is given as:

\[ Area\ A = Area\ of\ Semi-Circle (C_1)\ + Area\ of\ Parallelogram (P)\ + Area\ of\ Semi-Circle (C_2) \]

\[ A = C_1 + P + C_2 \]

The values given in Figure 1 are as follows:

\[ Base\ of\ Parallelogram\ b = 40 cm \]

\[ Height\ of\ Parallelogram\ h = 18 cm \]

\[ Radius\ of\ Circles\ r_1 = r_2 = 9 cm \]

First of all, let us find the area of the first semi-circle. The equation for the area of the circle is given as:

\[ C = \pi \times r^2 \]

The area of the semi-circle can be calculated by dividing 2 from the area of the circle as the semi-circle is exactly half of the circle. The equation is given as:

\[ C_1 = \dfrac { \pi }{ 2 } \times r_1^2 \]

Substituting the values, we get:

\[ C_1 = \dfrac { \pi }{ 2 } \times (0.09)^2 \]

Solving the equation, we get:

\[ C_1 = 1.27 cm^2 \]

As both the semi-circles are identical, their areas will be the same. Hence, the area of the second semi-circle is given as:

\[ C_2 = 1.27 cm^2 \]

The area of the parallelogram is given as:

\[ P = b \times h \]

Substituting the values, we get:

\[ P = 40 \times 18 \]

\[ P = 720 cm^2 \]

The total area of the figure is given as:

\[ A = C_1 + P + C_2 \]

Substituting the values, we get:

\[ A = 1.27 + 720 + 1.27 \]

\[ A = 722.54 cm^2 \]

## Numerical Result

The area of the given Figure 1 is calculated to be:

\[ A = 722.54 cm^2 \]

## Example

Find the area of the figure given below.

The radius of the semi-circle is given as 5 cm.

The figure given has two different shapes a semi-circle and a square. The side of the square is the diameter of the circle. Knowing the circle’s radius, we can find its diameter, which is the square’s side.

\[ d = 2r \]

\[ d = 2 \times 5 \]

\[ d = 10 cm \]

The diameter of the circle is 10 cm, which is also the side of the square.

\[ l = 10 cm \]

The area of the semi-circle is given as:

\[ C = \dfrac { \pi }{ 2 } \times (0.10)^2 \]

\[ C = 1.6 cm^2 \]

The area of the square is given as:

\[ S = 10^2 \]

\[ S = 100 cm^2 \]

The total area of the figure is given as:

\[ A = C + S \]

\[ A = 1.6 + 100 \]

\[ A = 101.6 cm^2 \]