# What is the total area of the figure below?

Figure 1

This question aims to find the area of the given Figure 1 with two semi-circles and a parallelogram attached together.

The question is based on the geometry of 2D shapes that are circles and a parallelogram. The area of the parallelogram can be calculated by taking the product of its height and base sides. The equation is given as:

$P = b \times h$

The area of the circle can be calculated as $\pi$ times the square of the circle’s radius. The equation is given as:

$C = \pi \times r^2$

The total area of Figure 1 can be calculated by adding areas of the different shapes in the figure. The area of the first semi-circle added to the area of the parallelogram, and their result added with the area of the second semi-circle will give us the total area of the Figure. The equation is given as:

$Area\ A = Area\ of\ Semi-Circle (C_1)\ + Area\ of\ Parallelogram (P)\ + Area\ of\ Semi-Circle (C_2)$

$A = C_1 + P + C_2$

The values given in Figure 1 are as follows:

$Base\ of\ Parallelogram\ b = 40 cm$

$Height\ of\ Parallelogram\ h = 18 cm$

$Radius\ of\ Circles\ r_1 = r_2 = 9 cm$

First of all, let us find the area of the first semi-circle. The equation for the area of the circle is given as:

$C = \pi \times r^2$

The area of the semi-circle can be calculated by dividing 2 from the area of the circle as the semi-circle is exactly half of the circle. The equation is given as:

$C_1 = \dfrac { \pi }{ 2 } \times r_1^2$

Substituting the values, we get:

$C_1 = \dfrac { \pi }{ 2 } \times (0.09)^2$

Solving the equation, we get:

$C_1 = 1.27 cm^2$

As both the semi-circles are identical, their areas will be the same. Hence, the area of the second semi-circle is given as:

$C_2 = 1.27 cm^2$

The area of the parallelogram is given as:

$P = b \times h$

Substituting the values, we get:

$P = 40 \times 18$

$P = 720 cm^2$

The total area of the figure is given as:

$A = C_1 + P + C_2$

Substituting the values, we get:

$A = 1.27 + 720 + 1.27$

$A = 722.54 cm^2$

## Numerical Result

The area of the given Figure 1 is calculated to be:

$A = 722.54 cm^2$

## Example

Find the area of the figure given below.

Figure 2

The radius of the semi-circle is given as 5 cm.

The figure given has two different shapes a semi-circle and a square. The side of the square is the diameter of the circle. Knowing the circle’s radius, we can find its diameter, which is the square’s side.

$d = 2r$

$d = 2 \times 5$

$d = 10 cm$

The diameter of the circle is 10 cm, which is also the side of the square.

$l = 10 cm$

The area of the semi-circle is given as:

$C = \dfrac { \pi }{ 2 } \times (0.10)^2$

$C = 1.6 cm^2$

The area of the square is given as:

$S = 10^2$

$S = 100 cm^2$

The total area of the figure is given as:

$A = C + S$

$A = 1.6 + 100$

$A = 101.6 cm^2$