 # Which table represents exponential growth. This question aims to find whether the given table consisting of function f represents exponential growth or not.

Exponential growth is also called a decay function when function is decreasing. A decay function is a type of function that decays with the factor of the number. When the function increases, it shows the growth of a given function, also called exponential growth. These functions are represented in the form of:

$y = a b ^ x$

In the above formula, a represents the initial value of the function and b determines whether the function is increasing or decreasing. For example, if the value of b is greater than two, then it represents the growth of the function f ( x ). But when the value of b is less than two, then it means it is a decay function as the function is decreasing.

Consider a table of function $y = f ( x )$ consisting of the following values:

$y = 125$ at $x = 0$

$y = 25$  at  $x = 1$

$y = 5$  at  $x = 2$

$y = 1$ or $x = 3$

$y = \frac { 1 } { 5 }$ at $x = 4$

The value of x increases by 1, which shows the decrease in the function y = f ( x ) by the factor of five. It means the given function represents the exponential decay function.

## Numerical Solution

The function y = f ( x ) is a decay function as it shows exponential decay.

## Example

The function y = f ( x ) is given. Find whether the function is increasing or decreasing.

The function that is increasing shows exponential growth while the decreasing function shows exponential decay.

$y = a b ^ x$

In the above formula, a represents the initial value of the function and b determines whether the function is increasing or decreasing. For example, if the value of b is greater than two, then it represents the growth of the function f ( x ). But when the value of b is less than two, then it means it is a decay function as the function is decreasing.

$y = 81$ at $x = 0$

$y = 27$  at  $x = 1$

$y = 9$  at  $x = 2$

$y = 3$ or $x = 3$

$y = \frac { 1 } { 2 }$ or $x = 4$

The above function is decreasing with a factor of 3 as value of x is increasing, which confirms the decay function.

The function y = f ( x ) is a decay function as it shows exponential decay.

Image/Mathematical drawings are created in Geogebra.